Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Building and codifying optimism and pessimism measures for players of elite clubs in the Premier Volleyball League
Other Titles: بناء وتقنين مقياسي التفاؤل والتشاؤم للاعبي اندية النخبة في الدوري العراقي الممتاز للكرة الطائرة
Authors: Farhood, Nidaa
Mohammed, Khaleel
Khudair, Muwafaq
Keywords: Optimism;Pessimism;Building;Rationing
Issue Date: 19-Feb-2023
Publisher: Palestine Technical University -Kadoorie
Citation: Farhood, N., Mohammed, K., & Khudair, M. . (2024). Building and codifying optimism and pessimism measures for players of elite clubs in the Premier Volleyball League . Palestine Technical University Research Journal, 11(4), 110–121.
Series/Report no.: 11(4);110–121
Abstract: The research aims: Building optimism and pessimism scales for volleyball players, and the sports season 2021-2022, scores and standard levels for the scale. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, the descriptive method is followed by the survey method The research community was also selected from the Premier League players for the 2021-2022 season, numbering 104 players representing 13 teams. As for the research sample, the researchers chose the whole community, as the sample was divided into reconnaissance (10), a building sample (44), and a legalization sample (50). The researchers drafted the paragraphs in proportion to the volleyball player, and then extracted the scientific foundations for it, and after extracting the scientific foundations The researchers reached the standard scores and levels, and the researchers reached some conclusions and recommendations. It was reached to build a measure of optimism and pessimism. The standard grades and levels of the scale were determined, and the two researchers recommended the need to provide all means and methods for the players and their continuous guidance for optimism. The need to conduct other studies on a sample different from the current sample.
Appears in Collections:2023

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
8.-pturj-445.pdf810.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.