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Title: Host preference and oviposition behaviour of Trichogramma aurosum Sugonjaev & Sorokina (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae).
Authors: Samara, Rana
Monje, Juan Carlos
Zebitz, Claus
Keywords: Trichogramma aurosum,
Egg parasitoids
Host age
Choice test
host selection
Issue Date: May-2005
Publisher: German society of general and applied entomology (DGaaE). Entomologen Tagung. Dresden - Germany.At: Dresden - Germany.
Citation: Samara, R. Monje, J.C. & Zebitz C.P.W. 2005. Host preference and oviposition behaviour of Trichogramma aurosum Sugonjaev & Sorokina (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). German society of general and applied entomology (DGaaE). Band 15. Entomologen Tagung. Dresden - Germany
Abstract: Oviposition behaviour and host selection of different German strains of the egg parasitoid Trichogramma aurosum were examined on eggs of five Lepidopteran hosts (Cydia pomonella (L.), Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.), Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner), Agrotis segetum (Schiff.), Lobesia botrana (Den. & Schiff.)). The parasitization behaviour of individual female wasps was examined in choice and non choice tests. Results from the choice test revealed that 75 – 90 % of C. pomonella eggs attacked by T. aurosum strains were successfully parasitized. Values for L. botrana and for A. segetum ranged between 40 – 80 % and 40 – 70 %, respectively. Time needed by the female wasps to drill on eggs of L. botrana was shorter than the time needed for drilling on C. pomonella eggs. This could be due to differences in egg chorion thickness, which may offer more resistance to penetration of the ovipositor. The female wasps showed no significant preference between the host eggs offered. During direct observation of the parasitism behaviour it was noticed that all strains spent about 20% of the observation time on drilling either C. pomonella or L. botrana eggs, 30 – 60 % on resting, 4 – 15 % on cleaning, > 4% on walking and > 1 % on feeding. Results from the non choice test showed that a significantly higher number of C. pomonella and L. botrana eggs were parasitized in comparison to the other hosts offered. The presence of thick hairs deposited on eggs of S. littoralis and a thick egg chorion in H. armigera seems to represent a physical barrier that impedes successful parasitization.
Appears in Collections:Sciences and Agricultural Technology Faculty

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