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Title: Genetic divergence of Trichogramma aurosum Sugonjaev and Sorokina (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) individuals based on ITS2 and AFLP analysis
Authors: Samara, Rana
Monje, Juan Carlos
Reineke, Annette
Zebitz, Claus
Keywords: Trichogramma aurosum,
Egg parasitoids
biological control
ITS2 region
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: Journal of Applied Entomology 132(3):230 - 238
Citation: Samara, R., Monje, J. C., Reineke, A., & Zebitz, C. P. W. (2008). Genetic divergence of Trichogramma aurosum Sugonjaev and Sorokina (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) individuals based on ITS2 and AFLP analysis. Journal of Applied Entomology, 132(3), 230-238.
Abstract: Taxonomy and phylogeny of members of the genus Trichogramma is often critical because of the fact that proper species discrimination can only be achieved by male morphology. Cryptic species, particularly when only females are available (in case of parthenogenetic species or strains), are common in this genus with consequences for practical purposes like biocontrol, unless males can be obtained after antibiotic treatment. The internally transcribed spacer 2 region of the ribosomal DNA was used to assess the identity of Trichogramma aurosum Sugonjaev and Sorokina individuals collected on eggs of Nematus tibialis Newman (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) from different locations in Middle Europe. Amplified products were identical in length (ca. 450bp), sequences showed a high percent similarity (>96%), and no cryptic species could be detected in the samples. In contrast, a comparison with T. aurosum populations from the USA showed values between 86% and 90%. Additional studies are needed to clarify the relationship between US and European populations. Furthermore, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis was conducted with T. aurosum wasps collected at 25 different European locations. One hundred and twentythree AFLP fragments could be detected using three different AFLP primer combinations of which 98% were polymorphic in more than one individual. An analysis of genetic distances based on the obtained AFLP markers indicated the existence of some genetic variability between the European T. aurosum individuals and allowed a grouping according to their geographic origin. This study represents the first successful application of the AFLP marker technique to such tiny insects as Trichogramma species.
Appears in Collections:Sciences and Agricultural Technology Faculty

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