Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholar.ptuk.edu.ps/handle/123456789/407
Title: Prevalence and Diversity of Gastrointestinal Parasites in small Ruminants Under Two Different Rearing Systems in Jenin District of Palestine
Authors: Badran, Iyad
Abuamsha, اRuba
Aref, Rateb
Alqisi, Wael
Alumor, Jaber
Keywords: Species diversity
Small ruminant
Prevalence
Gastrointestinal parasite
Intensive rearing system
Extensive rearing system
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: An - Najah Univ. J. Res. (N. Sc.) Vol. 26, 2012 Prevalence and Diversity of Gastrointestinal Parasites in small Ruminants under Two Different Rearing Systems in Jenin District of Palestine دراسة انتشار وتنوع طفيليات الجھاز الھضمي عند المجترات الصغيره باستخدام نظامين من التربية في محافظة جنين في فلسطين Iyad Badran*, Ruba Abuamsha, Rateb Aref, Wael Alqisi & Jaber Alumor اياد بدران، وربى أبوعمشه، وراتب عارف، ووائل القيسي، وجابر العمور *Department of Animal Resources, National Center for Agricultural Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Palestine
Abstract: This study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites (GIP) in goats and sheep kept under extensive and intensive management systems in the district of Jenin, Palestine, during the period from January to December 2010. Factors affecting diversity, distribution and intensity of infection by GIP were investigated. Data about farm history and breeding management were collected by means of a questionnaire. A total of 810 faecal samples from small ruminants composed of 285 and 525 samples from intensive and extensive rearing systems, respectively, were collected from eight villages (Yamoun, Bet qad, Merkah, Talfeet, Kfaret, Tarem, Jab`a and Aneen). A total of thirteen genera of the GIPs, included (eleven nematodes, one cestode (Moniezia) and one protozoan (Eimeria) were recovered. The results showed fewer diversity of GIP in intensive rearing system. The prevalence of GIPs in animals reared under extensive system (26.5%) was significantly higher (P<0.01) than those reared under intensive system (7.9%). The prevalence values of GIPs differed significantly (P<0.01) between some villages. The highest prevalence of infection (30.8%) was in Tarem with a proportion of (21.1 %) and the 2 ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ” Prevalence and Diversity of Gastrointestinal Parasites in ……" An - Najah Univ. J. Res. (N. Sc.) Vol. 26, 2012 ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ lowest (7.7%) in Betqad with a proportion of (5.3%). The dominant parasite was Eimeria spp (81.1% prevalence and 34.2% proportion) of total parasites in the area. This was followed by Dictyocaulus spp (49.1% prevalence, 20.7% proportion) and Haemonchus spp (23.1% prevalence and 9.7% proportion). Results showed that, animals kept under intensive grazing system had lower prevalence of GIP with low diversity (Eimeria spp, Dictyocaulus spp, Trichostrongylus spp, Neoscaris spp, and Ascaris spp than animals kept under extensive grazing system (Eimeria spp, Dictyocaulus spp, Haemonchus spp, Moniezia spp, Trichostrongylus spp, Strongylus spp, Neoscaris spp, Nematodirus spp, Strongyloides spp, Ascaris spp, Cooperia spp, Chabertia spp and Trichuris spp). The occurrence of parasites with zoonotic significance (Eimeria spp, Dictyocaulus spp and Haemonchus spp) is discussed.
Description: This study was designed to investigate the epidemiological aspects and prevalence of infection by GI parasites in randomly selected goat and sheep populations.
URI: https://scholar.ptuk.edu.ps/handle/123456789/407
Appears in Collections:Sciences and Agricultural Technology Faculty

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