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Title: Horticultural mineral oil influences Plum pox virus transmission by Myzus persicae
Authors: Samara, Rana
Lowery, Thomas
Stobbs, Lorne
Vickers, P
Bittner, L.
Greig, Neva
Keywords: detached leaf technique, electrical penetration graph, green peach aphid, horticultural mineral oil, Plum pox virus
Issue Date: 21-Feb-2016
Publisher: Journal of Applied Entomology
Citation: Samara, R., Lowery, D. T., Stobbs, L. W., Vickers, P. M., & Bittner, L. A. (2016). Horticultural mineral oil influences Plum pox virus transmission by Myzus persicae. Journal of Applied Entomology, 140(9), 688-696.
Abstract: The residual activity of horticultural mineral oil (HMO) on the ability of green peach aphids, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), (GPA) to transmit Plum pox virus (PPV) to peach was measured by infection rates of detached leaves from plants sprayed with either HMO or water as a control that were inoculated using transfer of 25 viruliferous aphids per leaf at 0, 2, 4, 7, 9, 11 and 14 days after treatment (DAT). Persistent effects of HMO residue on the probing and feeding behaviours of GPA were also monitored with the electrical penetration graph (EPG) system. For glasshouse-grown peach seedlings, the residual activity of HMO reduced PPV infection rates by more than 58% for up to 4 DAT following an initial reduction of approximately 81%. EPG recordings of GPA feeding behaviour showed that HMO significantly delayed first feeding probes and first intracellular punctures by more than 50 min without changing the ensuing stylet penetration behaviour. Applying HMO reduced virus infection rates for up to a week depending on the environmental conditions. EPG monitoring of aphid probing showed that HMO reduced the mean duration and mean number of potential drop (PD) phase feeding occurrences, compared with the water control. A reduction in the PD that has been shown to be related to the transmission of non-persistently transmitted viruses may partly explain the reduction in PPV infection rates.
Appears in Collections:Sciences and Agricultural Technology Faculty

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